What is a speech-language pathologist?
A speech-language pathologist is a clinician who identifies, assesses and treats speech and language problems. A speech-language pathologist possesses the knowledge and training to support the development of spoken language as a foundation for learning to read and write.
What types of speech and language disorders affect school-age children?
Children may experience one or more of the following disorders:
- Speech sound disorders – difficulty pronouncing sounds
- Language disorders – difficulty understanding what they hear as well as expressing themselves with words
- Cognitive communication disorders – difficulty with thinking skills including memory, awareness, reasoning, judgment, intellect and imagination
- Pragmatic disorders – difficulty with social language, proxemics
- Fluency disorders – difficulty with flow of speech that may include hesitations, repetitions and prolongations of sounds or words
- Voice disorders – quality of voice that may include hoarseness, nasality, volume
Do speech-language disorders affect learning?
Speech and language skills are essential to academic success and learning. Language is the basis of communication. Reading, writing, listening, and speaking are all forms of language. Learning takes place through the process of communication. The ability to communicate with peers and adults in the educational setting is essential for a student to succeed in school.